Closing Event of SNUSP II » SNUSP I » City Sanitation Plan  · 

City Sanitation Plan


Sanitation is defined as safe management of human excreta, including its safe confinement treatment, disposal and associated hygiene-related practices. According to official figures about 60 million people in urban India do not have access to toilets. Though sewerage systems widely exist, about 37% of faecal matter is not adequately treated and as per the estimation of the Government of India (GoI) the economic loss of bad hygienic conditions and environmental damages is about 60% of the total GDP. There are substantial deficits with respect to urban sanitation, both in terms of coverage and treatment.

To improve the sanitation situation in urban areas, in October 2008, the Government of India (GoI) sanctioned a policy paper prepared by Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) as the “National Urban Sanitation Policy” (NUSP). The overall goal of this policy is to transform urban India into community driven, totally sanitised, healthy and liveable cities and towns.

The primary objective of the intervention is to address environmental considerations more systematically while preparing a comprehensive city sanitation plan. Special emphasis will be given to issues aiming at financial sustainability and institutional strengthening to ensure sustainable citywide sanitation.

Core Topics

GIZ-SNUSP program is supporting the Municipal Corporations in preparation of City Sanitation Plans. In line with the NUSP, CSP is a comprehensive document which details out the short, medium and long term plan for the issues related to governance, technical, financial, capacity building, awareness generation and pro-poor interventions.

GIZ-SNUSP has supported 6 cities in India to develop its CSPs, namely Kochi, Nashik, Raipur, Shimla, Tirupati and Varanasi. 


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