A three-tiered approach (refer figure 2) is centred on achievement of desired outcomes at each tier as well as constant and consistent interaction and knowledge sharing to support the “elevator effect” (connectivity among all tiers). In its current support in agreement with MoUD, GoI, GIZ envisages extending the support to 8 states and 10 cities broadly, through select initiatives in furthering and strengthening the NUSP. For this purpose a sanitation and environment cell has been established at MoUD to coordinate and upscale GIZ activities. A planning workshop was held in September 2011 with all programme stakeholders to identify the list of activities at the central, state and city levels. State Steering Committees are being formulated at the supported states with respective state sanitation, urban development departments and key institutions to streamline the implementation process. On city level the City (Sanitation) Task Force (CTF), a multi-stakeholder platform mandated under the NUSP and instituted during the preparation of CSPs, will support in implementing the interventions identified under the City Sanitation Plan. As a part of its support to the NSSI of MoHRD, GoI, GIZ has already established a technical cell at CBSE, which will act as a nation-wide nodal platform for improving school sanitation and awareness raising on issues concerning sanitation and hygiene.

The programme comprises of three broad components outlined in figure 3 indicating the levels of engagement and cross-cutting subjects that will be used to support the alignment with NUSP as well as accommodating the ground level realities.

Expected Outcomes

Gradual improvement in sanitation infrastructure (including universal access) in atleast 4 cities is envisaged through well-defined short, medium and long term measures utilizing the improved baseline information. It is envisioned that this program will introduce innovative approaches and technologies in upto 8 projects through innovative Public Private Partnerships (PPP’s) for urban sanitation planning and implementation. It is foreseen that key issues concerning capacity enhancement and legal framework will be addressed through GIZ’s support to the preparation/strengthening in upto 2 SSS’s which will enhance accountability and service delivery at city level. It is anticipated that the project will improve linkages between asset creation and financial management therefore improving the city’s financial sustainability. Replication of the positive results from the program interventions as well as from other positive examples through knowledge management is envisaged to other Indian cities. It is foreseen that school children will act as ambassadors to create a sustainable model for awareness generation on sanitation/hygiene related issues through NSSI.


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