Closing Event of SNUSP II » Work Areas » Planning and Implementation  · 

Planning and Implementation

Currently sanitation coverage of urban areas in India is insufficient. However, after the development of policies, rules, frameworks and guidelines on national and state level (State Sanitation Strategy) and after a holistic planning process at city level where awareness is created and gaps in the sanitation system where identified (City Sanitation Plan) it is mostly very challenging for the municipalities to plan and implement appropriate infrastructure in order to curb the related pollution of the environment and to improve the living conditions for the citizens.

Therefore the GIZ program Support to National Urban Sanitation Policy (SNUSP) also support the responsible urban local bodies in planning and implementation of measures to improve the sanitation situation on the ground.

The technical implementation of these measures is a logical and important step at the end of the awareness and capacity development process which is created under the working areas SSS and CSP. But before the implementation the appropriate technical solutions must be planned probably.

This process can be described in the following steps:

Under the proposed scope of cooperation GIZ will support selected towns and their municipalities at the different process stages throughout:

  • Technical backstopping
  • Technical review (quality criteria, best practices, good examples)
  • Handholding of the processes and partners
  • Contract Management Workshops

Of course the best technical solution is only working properly if there is a professional maintenance and operation. Therefor the project focus also includes the development of sustainable operating and business models.

The program offers support in the following technical fields:

  • Wastewater collection and conveyance
  • Septage Treatment
  • Public and Community toilets
  • Municipal Solid Waste Management

The technical solutions are focusing on the following aspects:

  • separation of black, grey and stormwater
  • reuse of wastewater for irrigation and septage as fertilizer
  • decentralized/non-conventional wastewater systems including the existing infrastructure
  • gender sensitive and safe Toilets for girls and women (Gender)
  • safe and hygienically collection and transport of septage and solid waste
  • segregation and reuse of solid waste
  • saving water
  • energy efficient
  • sustainable
  • customized/adapted to local conditions
  • simple” operation and maintenance

Only by implementing technical solutions on site it is possible to improve the sanitation situation appreciable/visible and to hereby increase the public perception in the needs and benefits of the development of sanitation infrastructure.

Beside this the once realized systems will serve as good examples and will increase the experience and knowledge of responsible body’s for further projects. Successful systems can be upscaled and customised as per the existing requirement across the country.






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